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Abia (God's Own State)

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Abia State is a state in southeastern Nigeria. The capital is Umuahia, although the major commercial city is Aba, formerly a British colonial government outpost. The state was created in 1991 from part of Imo State and its citizens are predominantly Igbo people (95% of population).[4] It is one of the nine constituent states of the Niger Delta region.

History and population

Abia State was carved out of the former Imo State in 1991. The name "Abia" is an abbreviation of four of the state's densely populated regions Aba, Bende, Isuikwuato, and Afikpo.[5] It is one of the thirty-six (36) States that constitute the Federal Republic of Nigeria. Abia people are of the Igbo ethnic group who predominates much of the Southeastern part of Nigeria. Their traditional language is Igbo. English is widely spoken and serves as the official language in governance and business. Globally, Igbos are well travelled. Abia's 2.4mm people are mainly Christians and entrepreneurial. They are known and reputed to be industrious, highly market oriented, very hospitable and accommodating, probably due to their migratory nature.


The State Government is led by a democratically-elected executive Governor who works closely with an elected State House Assembly. The capital city is Umuahia. There are Seventeen (17) local government areas (LGAs).

In 1999 Nigeria became a democracy, and Orji Uzor Kalu contested on the platform of the People's Democratic Party (PDP) and won the Governorship election in Abia State. Consequently he was sworn-in on 29 May 1999. In 2003, when it was time for fresh elections, Kalu re-contested on the platform of the PDP and got a second mandate to govern. (The Constitution of Nigeria limits Governors to two terms in office.) Theodore Orji (PPA) defeated Onyema Ugochukwu (PDP) in the 2007 general elections to become Abia's next Governor.

Local Government Areas

Abia State has 17 local government areas (LGAs). They are:

    • Aba North
    • Aba South
    • Arochukwu
    • Bende
    • Ikwuano
    • Isiala Ngwa North
    • Isiala Ngwa South
    • Isuikwuato
    • Obi Ngwa
    • Ohafia
    • Osisioma Ngwa
    • Ugwunagbo
    • Ukwa East
    • Ukwa West
    • Umuahia North
    • Umuahia South
    • Umu Nneochi

To the west of Abia is Imo State, to the east and southeast are Cross River State and Akwa Ibom State, and to the south is Rivers State. The southern part of the State lies within the riverine part of Nigeria. It is low-lying with a heavy rainfall of about 2400 mm/year especially intense between the months of April through October. The rest of the State is moderately high plain. The most important rivers in Abia State are the Imo and Aba Rivers which flow into the Atlantic Ocean through the Niger Delta



Long Juju of Arochukwu: This is a cave with a long dark tunnel that is associated with the slave trade. Prior to the slave trade era, it had served as a court of arbitration for the settlement of local, tribal and inter-tribal disputes / problems. During the slave trade, it was an important route through which slaves were sold and transported outside the country through the Cross River to the Ocean port in Port Harcourt.


Azumini Blue River 
Azurnini Blue River is located in Abia State towards its boundary with Akwa lbom State. The River has become a resort for tourists because of the pleasantness it offers. The attractive features of the River include its crystal-clear blue water; canoe rides; sandy beaches with such relaxation facilities as chairs and tables. At the beach also, BBQ grill are delicacies provided for picnickers. 

Amakama Wooden Cave:  This is a wonder tree with a hollow inside it, that  is capable of accommodating up to twenty people at a time. The tree is  as old as the Amakama community and had acted as a safe haven to the community during the inter-tribal wars and the slave raids era. The beautiful serene environment of the site is good for tourism village.

 Ngodo Cave: Is located in  NgodoIsuochi of abia state which has both stalactite and stalagmite inside it.

 Uhuchukwu cave at AhabaImenyi in Isuikwuato LGA,

Ulochukwu Abiama Cave at AmankaluAlayi in Bende LGA

 EziOfia Cave at Amekpu Ohafia

OnuIbina Cave at Ihechiowa in Arochukwu LGA  

All these Caves are cut out in wonderful natural rocky landscapes and they are tourist’s delights any day. It is believed that the Uhuchukwu Cave , the Ulochukwu Abiama cave and the Long Juju cave (IbiniUkpabi) were once residences of Chukwu Abiama/Obioma-the-kind hearted deity that once wielded great powers of arbitration.



Ikeji (pronounced Ikeeji) Festival holds annually in Arondizuogu, a sprawling historic community spread across the three local governments areas of Ideato North, Okigwe and Onuimo in Imo State of Nigeria. This awesome fiesta filled with memorable sights, pulsating rhythms and scintillating performances is probably the most crowded and enchanting carnival of masquerades and comic acts in Africa. It also an opportunity for them to showcase there many historical monuments and places of interest in the area. It is a four-day festival of propitiation, thanksgiving and feasting dubbed four days of fun, food and fanfare. Recognized by the Igbo calendar, the period is equal to one native week which corresponds to the four Igbo market days of Oye (Orie), Afo, Nkwo and Eke. Each of these days has a special significance and represents one of the several dimensions of Ikeji. From all the towns and villages of Arondizuogu hordes of exotically dressed masquerades and their exuberant followers trudge out towards Nkwo Achi, Nkwo Pericomo, Eke Ndizuogu (Eke Obinikpa), Eke Uwakonye, Afor Ohiauchu, Afor Ndiawa, or any of the central arenas of the carnival. Some masquerades wield whips made from the lighter end of the branches of palm or coconut trees wringed or twisted at the tip to prevent it from inflicting serious injury. Some masquerades are beautifully decorated. The masquerade’s apparel is made up mostly of silk, wool and cotton. Some appear attired in calico or other coarse fabrics. Some are made of materials that appear like nets. Some look quite awful. But all evoke fear especially among the excited and excitable young men and women that form the bulk of the spectators. The masquerade speaks in a guttural voice. Sometimes it recites traditional poetry like a troubadour. This is known as ima mbem. This art is, however, not exclusive to masquerades. Masquerades bear names by which they are known and hailed. Each masquerade goes by a specific name. Aside from masquerades, there are non-masquerade acts that add colour to the carnival. Some carry earthen pots belching with smoke on their heads. One group dances with a very large tortoise which one of them carries on his head. One performer lathers his body with detergent in simulation of a public bath. Some acts consist of men carrying palm wine in small baskets from which they occasionally take sips in defiance of scientific logic. Sometimes, fetish looking acts are seen. But most of these are comedians and make-believe artists who try to conjure fearful images to create an aura of magic around them.


National War Museum, Umuahia
Commissioned in 1985, the museum which is located at Ebite Amafor in Isingwu Autonomous community in Umuahia North LGA, occupies a large area of land surrounded by undulating hills. The museum has three galleries; traditional warfare, the armed forces and the Nigerian civil war weapon galleries. The relics of war being housed in these sections include weapons used during the pre-colonial civil disturbances, imperial warfare materials and those of the Nigerian civil war.

National Museum of Colonial History, Aba
Established in 1984 it showcases Nigeria of colonial era, the museum has collection of Nigeria evolvement as a nation, relics of slave trade, European imperialism, chronology of rulership in Nigeria, rise of nationalism and the attainment of independence. The historical museum is served with good road network, telephones restaurants and hotels in Aba.

Museum of Antiquities, Ujari
Located in Arochukwu, the museum is under the National War Museum and it houses many items, some of which were collected through trade by barter and war. The items found in this museum are relics of the slave trade, a big bell of 1892, ancient chandeliers, canons, metal gongs, handcuffs, basins, buckets, brass plates, silver plates etc. Also found in the museum is the Iyama Afia Shrine and the grave of Mazi Ogbuji Okoro Oji the original founder and owner of the museum.


Ariaria International Market Aba 
This is an international market where goods of all kinds are manufactured and sold. It is one of the largest markets in Nigeria.

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Updated 6 Years ago

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