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Yobe State, Nigeria ( Overview, History and Summary Information )

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Yobe State, Nigeria

Yobe State
—  State  —
Nickname(s): the young shall grow
Location of Yobe State in Nigeria
Coordinates: 12°00′N 11°30′E / 12°N 11.5°ECoordinates12°00′N 11°30′E / 12°N 11.5°E
Country Nigeria
Date created27 August 1991
 - Governor
Ibrahim Geidam (ANPP)
 - Senators 
 - Representatives 
 - Total
 45,502 km2 (17,568.4 sq mi)
Area rank6th of 36
Population (1991 census)
 - Total1,411,481
 - Estimate (2005)2,532,395
 - Rank32nd of 36
 Density31/km2 (80.3/sq mi)
 - Year
 - Total$2.01 billion
 - Per capita$843[1]
Time zoneWAT (UTC+01)
ISO 3166 codeNG-YO

Yobe State is a state located in Northern Nigeria.A mainly agricultural state,it was Created on August 27, 1991, Yobe state was carved out of present-day Borno State. The capital of Yobe state is Damaturu.


The state borders the Nigerian states of Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, and Jigawa. It borders Diffa Region and Zinder Region to the north in The Republic of Niger. Because the state lies mainly in the dry savanna belt, the state is dry and hot for most the year except in the southern part of the state which has a milder climate.


Yobe State came into being on the 27 August, 1991. It was carved out of the old Borno State by the Babangida administration. Yobe State was created because the old Borno State was one of Nigeria's largest states in terms of land area and was therefore considered to be too large for easy administration and meaningful development. Ethnic rivalries within the old Borno State also contributed to the decision.

Local Government Areas

Yobe State consists of 17 local government areas, or LGAs. They are:

  • Bursari
  • Damaturu
  • Geidam
  • Bade
  • Gujba
  • Gulani
  • Fika
  • Fune
  • Jakusko
  • Karasuwa
  • Machina
  • Nangere
  • Nguru
  • Potiskum
  • Tarmuwa
  • Yunusari
  • Yusufari


While Yobe state is an agricultural state it also has rich fishing grounds and mineral deposits of gypsum in Fune LGAkaolin, and quartz. The state's agricultural products include: gum arabic, groundnutsbeans, cotton. The state is also said to have one of the largest cattle markets in West Africa located near Potiskum.


The major ethnic group living in Yobe State are Fulani,  while other ethnic communities include KanuriKare-KareBolewaNgizim, Bade, Hausa, Ngamo and Shuwa. The ethnic groups living in Yobe State are Fulani,Kanuri, Kare-Kare, Bolewa, Ngizim, Bade, Hausa, Ngamo and Shuwa.



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