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Kano State, Nigeria ( Overview, History and Summary Information )


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Kano

Kano State, Nigeria

 
 
Kano State
—  State  —
Seal of Kano State
Seal
Nickname(s): Centre of Commerce
Location of Kano State in Nigeria
Coordinates: 11°30′N 8°30′E / 11.5°N 8.5°ECoordinates11°30′N 8°30′E / 11.5°N 8.5°E
Country Nigeria
Date createdMay 27, 1967
CapitalKano
Government
 - Governor[1]Ibrahim Shekarau (ANPP)
 - Senators
  • Bello Hayatu Gwarzo
  • Mohammed Adamu Bello
  • Kabiru Ibrahim Gaya
 - RepresentativesList
 
Area
 - Total
 20,131 km2 (7,772.6 sq mi)
Area rank20th of 36
Population (2006 census)1 (population disputed)
 - Total13,383,682
 - Rank1st of 36
 Density664.8/km2 (1,721.9/sq mi)
 
GDP (PPP)
 - Year
 2007
 - Total$12.39 billion
 - Per capita$1,288[2]
Time zoneWAT (UTC+01)
ISO 3166 codeNG
  
 

Kano State is a state located in North-Western Nigeria. Created on May 27, 1967 from part of the Northern Region, Kano state borders Katsina State to the north-west, Jigawa State to the north-east, Bauchi State to the south-east and Kaduna State to the south-west. The capital of Kano State is Kano.The state originally included Jigawa State which was made a separate state in 1991. Kano's once booming manufacturing sector has been stagnant over the last 15 years. Largely due to epileptic power supply. Plans are being considered to build a Nuclear Power Station in the North-Eastern region of Nigeria. The plant is to be fueled from Uranium mined in neighbouring Gombe state and supplied over a rail network.Historically, Kano State has been a commercial and agricultural state, which is known for the production of groundnuts as well as for its solid mineral deposits. The state has more than 18,684 square kilometres (7,214 sq mi) of cultivable land and is the most extensively irrigated state in the country. Kano State has in recent years being a centre of religious and ethnic violence in Nigeria. It also opposed the polio vaccination programme.

Foreign investments and investors can be seen all over the city. It is arguably within the first five states in terms of commercial activity within Nigeria. Kano also has traditionally received the largest proportion of centrally collected (mostly oil) revenues. From 1990-96 Kano received 10.9% of allocated revenue. In contrast, the next highest state was Sokoto State, receiving 3.5%, with Abuja, Lagos State, and Akwa Ibom State receiving 3.2% each.

Local Government Areas

The state is home to 44 Local Government Areas (LGAs):

LGA NameArea (sq.km)Census 2006
population
Administrative capitalPostal
Code
Dala191,418,777Gwamaja700
Fagge21698,828Waje700
Gwale18562,059Gwale700
Kano Municipal17665,525Kofar Kudu700
Tarauni28321,367Ungwa Uku700
Nassarawa34696,669Bompai700
Kumbotso158395,979Kumbotso700
Ungogo204469,657Ungogo700
Kano Metropolitan Area4993,628,861 700
Dawakin Tofa479247,875Dawakin Tofa701
Tofa20297,734Tofa701
Rimin Gado225104,790Rimin Gado701
Bagwai405162,847Bagwai701
Gezawa340282,069Gezawa702
Gabasawa605211,055Zakirai702
Minjibir416213,794Minjibir702
Dambatta732207,968Dambatta702
Makoda441222,399Makoda702
Kunchi671111,018Kunchi703
Bichi612277,099Bichi703
Tsanyawa492157,680Tsanyawa703
Shanono697140,607Shanono704
Gwarzo393183,987Gwarzo704
Karaye479141,407Karaye704
Rogo802227,742Rogo704
Kabo341153,828Kabo704
Northern Kano State8,3323,143,899 701 to 704
Bunkure487170,891Bunkure710
Kibiya404136,736Kibiya710
Rano520145,439Rano710
Tudun Wada1,204231,742Tudun Wada710
Doguwa1,473151,181Riruwai710
Madobi273136,623Madobi711
Kura206144,601Kura711
Garun Mallam214116,494Garun Mallam711
Bebeji717188,859Bebeji711
Kiru927264,781Kiru711
Sumaila1,250253,661Sumaila712
Garko450162,500Garko712
Takai598202,743Takai712
Albasu398190,153Albasu712
Gaya613201,016Gaya713
Ajingi714174,137Ajingi713
Wudil362185,189Wudil713
Warawa360128,787Warawa713
Dawakin Kudu384225,389Dawakin Kudu713
Southern Kano State11,5543,410,922 710 to 713

Languages

The official language of Kano State is English but the Hausa language is commonly spoken. Ibrahim Ado-Kurawa (2003). "Brief History of Kano 999 to 2003". Kano State Government Nigeria. Retrieved 2009-12-07.

Population

According to the 2006 census figures from Nigeria Kano State had a population totalling 9,383,682. The credibility of the census has been disputed most noticeably by Gani Fawehinmi - a Lagos-based advocate and activist. The state is mostly populated by Hausa people.

 

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