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Edo State, Nigeria ( Overview, History and Summary Information )

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Edo State, Nigeria

Edo State
—  State  —
Nickname(s): Heart Beat of Nigeria
Location of Edo State in Nigeria
Coordinates: 6°30′N 6°00′E / 6.5°N 6°ECoordinates6°30′N 6°00′E / 6.5°N 6°E
Country Nigeria
Date created27 August 1991
CapitalBenin City
 - Governor
Adams Oshiomhole (AC)
 - Senators 
 - Representatives 
 - Total
 17,802 km2 (6,873.4 sq mi)
Area rank22nd of 36
Population (1991 census)
 - Total2,159,848
 - Estimate (2005)3,497,502
 - Rank27th of 36
 Density121.3/km2 (314.2/sq mi)
 - Year
 - Total$11.89 billion[1]
 - Per capita$3,623[1]
Time zoneWAT (UTC+01)
ISO 3166 codeNG-ED

Edo State is an inland state in central southern Nigeria. Its capital is Benin City. It is bounded in the north and east by Kogi State, in the south by Delta State and in the west by Ondo State.


Edo State was formed on August 27, 1991 when Bendel State was split into Edo and Delta States.The 1992 gubernatorial election, pitting John Odigie Oyegun (the SDP candidate) against Lucky Igbinedion (the NRC candidate) was annulled on February 4 of that year by the electoral tribunal. Among Igbinedion's claims were that the Oba of Benin and one of his chiefs, Nosakhare Isekhure, unfairly supported Oyegun. Oyegun's victory was upheld on March 18, 1992.

On March 20, 2008, an election tribunal nullified the election of Oserheimen Osunbor People's Democratic Party,(PDP) and declared erstwhile labour leader Comrade Adams Oshiomhole of the Action Congress as the winner. The decision was based on several voting irregularities.

Local Government Areas

Edo State consists of the following Local Government Areas:

  • Akoko Edo
  • Egor
  • Esan North-East
  • Esan Central
  • Esan South-East
  • Esan West
  • Etsako Central
  • Etsako East
  • Etsako West
  • Igueben
  • Ikpoba Okha
  • Oredo
  • Orhionmwon
  • Ovia North-East
  • Ovia South-West
  • Owan East
  • Owan West
  • Uhunmwonde


The major first languages spoken in the state are Edo, EsanEtsakoOwanAkoko Edo,Okpameri language and Ijaw. Edo State is home to several ethnicities, among them the Bini, Esan, Afemai, Emai, and Ijaw.


The University of Benin,Benin City, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Igbinedion University, Okada, Benson Idahosa University, Benin City, Auchi Federal Polythenic, AuchiCollege of Education, EkiadolorCollege of Education, IguebenCollege of Agriculture, IguoriakhiNigerian Advanced School of Theology, Ewu, are among the institutions of higher learning located in Edo State, among other privately owned institutions of Higher learning.


Tourist attractions in Edo State include the Emotan statue in Benin City, Ise Lake and River Niger beach in Agenebode, Etsako-EastAmbrose Alli Square, Ekpoma, River Niger beaches at IlushiBFFM building at Ewu, College of Agriculture and Aqua Culture Technology, Agenebode and the Somorika hills in Akoko Edo, where a government-run tourist center at Ososo is set among spectacular scenery. The state produces crude oil.


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