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To promote peace and security in Nigeria, USAID will increase the capacity of government institutions, civil society, political parties, faith-based organizations, and other stakeholders to prevent, manage, and mitigate the impact of conflict. Innovative youth programs and interfaith dialogue have reduced the potential for violent clashes.
GOVERNING JUSTLY AND DEMOCRATICALLY
USAID assistance advances the rule of law by strengthening the capacity and transparency of the justice system and building judicial independence at the federal level. To advance good governance and anti-corruption reform, USAID will support the creation of more responsive national and local governance structures, improve service delivery, and strengthen budget management capacity and fiscal oversight. The United States works directly with a diverse representation of Nigerian civil society organizations, building their internal management capacity and strengthening their ability to engage with the government on issues of fiscal accountability, budget monitoring, and transparency within extractive industries. Since the 2007 elections, USAID activities have been working to improve the organizational development of political parties, support the independence of the electoral commission, and encourage civil society input into electoral and constitutional reform dialogue to promote credible elections in 2011.
INVESTING IN PEOPLE
Nigeria cannot sustainably establish good governance, stability, and economic growth while its people lack fundamental health and education services. USAID is supporting increased access to quality family planning and reproductive health services. Maternal and child health efforts focus on routine immunization, polio eradication, birth preparedness, maternity services and obstetric fistula repairs. In response to the more than 300,000 Nigerian children who needlessly die from malaria each year, the United States is increasing access to proven preventive and curative interventions—insecticide-treated bednets, net re-treatment kits, and malaria treatment for children and pregnant women. Nigeria also has one of the largest tuberculosis burdens in Africa. To reduce death and disability, especially in the vulnerable coinfected HIV/AIDS population, USAID is working to double the case detection rate and halve the incidence of tuberculosis by 2018.
In education, USAID programs support equitable access to quality basic education through teacher training, support for girls’ learning, infrastructure improvement, and community involvement, focusing on public schools, as well as Islamiyyah schools, which provide both secular and religious education. U.S. assistance also fosters higher education partnerships between American and Nigerian universities, especially those in the north and the volatile Delta regions.
To improve the enabling environment for agriculture and microfinance, USAID programs are accelerating the uptake of proven agricultural production, processing, and marketing technologies and stimulating job creation through agribusiness enterprises. U.S. assistance also focuses on expanding investment opportunities, which are hindered by limited access to market-driven commercial financial services, including microfinance. USAID is helping to develop a policy environment for micro, small, and medium-sized enterprises, and expand access to market-driven vocational and technical training linked with private sector employment opportunities. The United States is also supporting customs
regulation and policy reform to encourage internal and external trade, encouraging the use of U.S. African Growth and Opportunity Act incentives for trade with the United States, and developing private sector capacity to meet international trade and export standards.
Date of independence: 1960
Population: 140 million (2006)
GDP per person: $1,158 (yr)
Source: U.S. Department of State
The quality of basic education in Nigeria is extremely poor, leading to low demand and unacceptably low academic performance. There are 30 million primary school-aged children in the country, of whom an estimated seven million are not enrolled in school. Of those currently in primary school, less than one third will attend junior secondary schools and even fewer will proceed to senior secondary. Nigeria has a massive number of out-of-school children and young adults with limited literacy and numeracy skills who have little hope of ever joining the formal workforce. While education indicators are poor nationwide, the greatest need for assistance is in the predominantly Muslim north.
USAID/Nigeria understands that education is the foundation on which any development intervention is built. A literate society is better able to result in productive, democratically-minded, active, and healthy citizens. Therefore, the Mission’s education activities are designed to improve the quality of basic education, which will contribute to a sustainable pool of skilled labor while supporting the development of Nigeria’s young democracy and promoting domestic stability. USAID/Nigeria’s education programs support the goals and objectives of the U.S. Presidential African Education Initiative (AEI) as well as the Nigerian Ministry of Education’s roadmap for the education sector.
USAID/Nigeria’s interventions strengthen state and local government capacity to deliver basic education services by addressing the management, sustainability, and oversight inadequacies of basic education in the Mission’s two Focus States in northern Nigeria (Bauchi and Sokoto). USAID/Nigeria also provides assistance to the National Commission for Colleges of Education, which provides teacher education and implements Nigeria’s National Teacher Education Policy. The Commission monitors the standards of practice and the curriculum for the primary education studies, pre-school studies and for the Bachelors in Education Degree in primary and pre-school studies. Working with SESAME WORKSHOP, USAID/Nigeria has created an indigenous Nigerian TV-based program and related instructional materials that address pre-school issues, with a special focus on learning skills development and orphans and vulnerable children.
USAID/Nigeria has conducted a household-based education data survey which has provided data at state, regional, and federal levels that provides base-line information for the Mission, other donors, and the Government of Nigeria. The Mission strengthens the capacity of governmental and non-governmental institutions to deliver formal and non-formal education services to the pre-primary school population as well as marginalized out-of-school children, including itinerant Qu’ranic students (Almajiri) and girls. USAID/Nigeria will focus on implementing the National Teacher Education Policy and supporting the creation of policies in support of girls’ education, national reading standards, and community participation in basic education.
Northern Education Initiative (NEI)
Life of Project: 2009 – 2013
Implementing Partner: Creative Associates International Inc.
Geographic Focus: Bauchi and Sokoto States
SESAME SQUARE NIGERIA
Life of Project: 2008 – 2014
Implementing Partner: Sesame Workshop
Geographic Focus: Nationwide
American Educators for Africa Program (AEFA)
Implementing Partner: The International Foundation for Education and Self-Help
Geographic Focus: Kano State
- Strengthened key education management systems in target states
- Strengthened delivery of teacher training services for primary schools
- Improved capacity to develop and deliver education services to at-risk populations
- Improved student performance
- Policy decisions based on strategic information at state and local levels
Economic Growth and Environment
Nigeria has enjoyed relatively strong economic growth over the past seven years but poverty is still a major concern. While oil accounts for 95% of export earnings and 85% of government revenues, agriculture which employees 70% of the population accounts for only 2.6 percent of exports. Economic growth in Nigeria is constrained by inadequate infrastructure, electricity, incentives and policies that promote private sector development, and poor access to quality education.
Sustained broad-based economic growth and poverty reduction are critical to Nigeria’s economic stability. USAID/Nigeria programs to support the Government of Nigeria’s poverty alleviation efforts are focused on improving agricultural productivity and expanding jobs in the rural sector where the majority of poor people are concentrated. The rural sector depends principally on agriculture but also on good infrastructure such as roads, ports and energy and good policies at both the federal and state levels. USAID's Economic Growth program supports the efforts of the Government of Nigeria (GON) and the country's private sector to improve agricultural productivity and market access, increase the country's energy supply, reduce obstacles to trade and expand access to clean water.
The agriculture program concentrates on building private sector demand driven value chains for selected commodities—those that have a ready market, local or export, with value-added possibilities and can generate employment. The program seeks to develop partnerships with private sector firms involved in processing, agricultural input supply and that are interested in expanding exports to the West African region, the United States and other international markets. The EG flagship agriculture program, Maximizing Agricultural Revenue and Key Enterprises in Targeted Sites (MARKETS), supports the GONs efforts to increase rural incomes and jobs through private sector demand-driven value chain activities; evidence-based development of sector policies; and support to the GONs commitment to the Comprehensive African Agriculture Development Program. Other EG managed agriculture instruments include: Expanded Access to Services for Agricultural Enterprises (EASE); Program for Bio-Safety (PBS); Support to the United States Department of Agriculture Foreign Agriculture Service; and The Nigeria Strategy Support Program.
TRADE AND TRANSPORT
USAID/Nigeria works closely with the GON to implement activities that promote increased trade. These activities include assistance to the National Customs Service (NCS) for customs reform and modernization, reducing Lagos seaport congestion and increasing transport flows along the LKAJA (Lagos, Kano Jibiya) Transport Corridor beginning with the port of Lagos; and building trade capacity at the Ministry of Commerce and Industry. At the same time, assistance is also provided to private enterprises through the Nigerian Expanded Export Program (NEEP) to stimulate exports by providing export-ready private enterprises with expertise and training in key areas such as access to finance and export competitiveness and linkage to international markets and partners.
Nigeria’s economic growth is also constrained by insufficient electricity generation capacity which results in a lack of reliable and affordable supply of power. At the same time, Nigeria flares considerable amounts of associated gas, a by-product of offshore crude oil extraction, and generates significant greenhouse gas emissions while there is tremendous need for clean power generation onshore. To reduce gas flaring and increase generation of clean energy generally through greater private sector participation, USAID/Nigeria is supporting the GONs President’s Task Force on Power Reform as well as the Nigerian Electricity Regulation Commission to better manage the sector.
WATER AND SANITATION
Access to clean water and improved sanitation facilities is a daily challenge for many Nigerians. This problem is particularly acute in northern Nigeria, where only 30% of the population has access to safe drinking water and adequate sanitation. This situation leads to a high prevalence of waterborne diseases, threatens the livelihoods of smallholder farmers, and contributes to low levels of school enrollment, especially among girls. USAID/Nigeria, in partnership with a local NGO, the Women Farmers Advancement Network (WOFAN), is increasing community access to safe water, sanitation and hygiene education in at least 22 communities in Bauchi and Kano States. There is a similar activity in Enugu State with Society for Family Health (SFH) implementing the Water and Development Alliance in a Public Private Partnership with Coca-Cola. USAID/Nigeria is also supporting the development of the legislative and institutional framework for the Bauchi State Water Board to have operational and financial autonomy, accountability and efficiency for achievement of cost recovery.
- Improved policy envrionment for planning and investment in key economic sectors
- Improved economic performance of the agricultural sector through private sector demand driven value chain activities for selected commodities
- Reduction in environmental damaging flared gas and increased energy supply in support of the GON’s Road Map for Power Sector Reform
- Improved internal/external trade, customs, and agricultural transportation routes
- Accelerated participation of the very poor in economic development
- Improved nutritional status of the poor and very poor in key states
Bridge to Maximizing Agricultural Revenues and Key Enterprises (MARKETS) II
Life of Project: 2011 -2012
Implementing Partner: Chemonics International Inc.
Geographic Focus: 23 states
Expanded Access to Services for Agricultural Enterprises (EASE)
Life of Project: 2010- 2013
Implementing Partner: Partners for Development
Access to Safe Drinking Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH)
Life of Project: 2009- 2019
Implementing Partner: Women Farmers Advancement Network
Geographic Focus: Bauchi and Kano states
Mission Director Dana Mansuri
|Mission Director Dana Mansuri
US Agency for International Development, (1992 to present): Ms. Mansuri has served with USAID for almost 20 years in a variety of positions. She completed her assignment as Deputy Mission Director to Jordan in June 2011, serving the final 9 months of her tour as the Acting Mission Director. Previous to her assignment in Jordan, Ms. Mansuri served as Assistant Director in Morocco; Executive Officer in Morocco, Tanzania and Ethiopia; Program Officer for the Africa Bureau and Project Manager/Information Technology Specialist for the Management Bureau in USAID, Washington DC.
OTHER RELEVANT EXPERIENCE
1989-92 Project Manager, Executive Resource Associates;
Contractor for Management Bureau/IRM, USAID
1987-89 Senior Management Analyst:
Booz, Allen & Hamilton, Inc. Bethesda, MD
1982-85 US Peace Corps Volunteer;
Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
1986 American Graduate School of International Management, Glendale, Arizona
Masters in International Business Management
1982 University of Washington, Seattle, Washington
Bachelor of Arts, Spanish Language & Literature
1979 Facultad de Filosofia y Letras, Cádiz, Spain (Study Abroad).
Phone: +234 9 234 3048, 2
Address: Metro Plaza, Zakaria Maimalari street, off Herbert MacCauley road PMB 519, Garki,
Fax: +234 9 234 2930.
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