Joint Admissions And Matriculation Board (JAMB)
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By 1974, there were seven (7) Federal Universities in the country. Every one of these exiting universities conducted its own concessional examination and admitted its students. However, this system of admission revealed serious limitations and quite often, waste of resources in the process of administering the concessional examination especially on the part of the candidates. The general untidiness in the uncoordinated system of admissions into universities and the attendant problems were sufficient cause for concern to the committee of vice - chancellors.
These problems had assumed new dimension when by 1976, the then federal military government, under the leadership of General Olusegun Obasanjo,established six (6) additional universities. Consequently, the government set up a national committee on university entrance under the chairmanship of Mr. M. S. Angulu.
The Committee was specifically requested to consider the possibility of setting up a Joint Matriculation Board.
The Committee recommended the setting up of two (2) bodies, the Central Admissions Board and the Joint Matriculation Board. The Federal military government accepted some of the recommendations of the committee and set up the Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board. The legal instrument establishing the Board was however promulgated by the act (no. 2 of 1978) of the Federal Military Government on 13th February, 1978.
By August 1988, the Federal Executive Council amended decree No. 2 of 1978 to empower the Board to conduct matriculation examinations for entry into all polytechnics and colleges of education in the country and to place suitably qualified candidates in the available places in these institutions. The amendments have since been codified into decree No. 33 of 1989, which took from 7th December, 1989. On assumption of office, the present administration set up a panel headed by Dr. Bala Usman to restructure the Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board. The Panel has since submitted its report and its recommendations are gradually being implemented by the Federal Ministry of Education.
Professor Adedibu Ojerinde- Registrar and Chief Executive of JAMB
FUNCTIONS OF THE JOINT ADMISSIONS AND MATRICULATION BOARD
The functions of the Board as provided for under Section 5 of Decree 33 of 1989 are as follows:
- The general control of the matriculation examination for admissions into all Universities, Polytechnics and Colleges of Education (by whatever name called) in Nigeria.
- The appointment of Examiners, Moderators, Invigilators, members of the Subject panels and committees and other persons with respect to Matriculation Examinations and any other matters incidental thereto or connected therewith.
- The placement of suitably qualified candidates into tertiary institutions after having taken into account:The collation and dissemination of information on all matters relating to admissions into Tertiary institutions or any other matter relevant to the discharge of the functions of the Board.
- The vacancies available in each Tertiary institution.
- The guidelines approved for each Tertiary institution by its proprietors Or other competent authorities.
- The preference expressed or otherwise indicated by the candidates for certain Tertiary institutions and courses.
- Such other matters as the Board may be directed by the Honourable Minister to consider or the Board itself may consider appropriate in the circumstances.
- The carrying out of such other activities as are necessary or expedient for the full discharge of all or any of the functions conferred on it under or pursuant to this decree.