Economic and Financial Crimes Commission, EFCC
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Under the previous EFCC chairman Nuhu Ribadu, the agency has addressed financial corruption by prosecuting and convicting a number of high-profile corrupt individuals, ranging from Nigeria's former chief law enforcement officer to several bank chief executives. By 2005, the EFCC arrested government officials including, Diepreye Alamieyeseigha.
In September 2006, the EFCC had 31 of Nigeria's 36 state governors under investigation for corruption. In December 2007, the Nigerian Federal Government, after extensive investigations by EFCC and other organisations, cleared the Vaswani brothers of any wrongdoing and invited them back into the country. Leading Nigerian daily "This Day" and other major newspapers reported the facts of their clearance quoting text from FG issued directives. In April 2008, the EFCC began an investigation of the very influential daughter of the former Nigerian President, Senator Iyabo Obasanjo-Bello for receiving N10 million ($100,000), stolen from the Ministry of Health. The former Health Minister and her deputy are currently on trial for stealing over N30,000,000 ($300,000) from the ministry's unspent funds from last year.
On June 6, 2008, Chief (Mrs) Farida Mzamber Waziri was sworn in as the new chairperson of the EFCC.Then on the 6th of August 2008, the former chairman Nuhu Ribadu was demoted from Assistant Inspector General (AIG) to Deputy Commissioner of Police (DCP). Waziri was dismissed by President Goodluck Jonathan on 23 November 2011 and replaced by Ibrahim Lamorde as Acting Chairman, who has since been confirmed on the 15 February 2012 by the Nigerian Senate.
Since 2008, its website contains a list of the country's most wanted criminals.
On September 14, 2010, the head of the Forensic Unit of the EFCC, Abdullahi Muazu, was assassinated in Kaduna. He had been actively involved in the trials of several heads of banks
The EFCC will curb the menace of corruption that constitutes a clog in the wheel of progress; protect national and foreign investments in the country; imbue the spirit of hard work in the citizenry and discourage ill gotten wealth; identify illegally acquired wealth and confiscate it; build an upright workforce in both public and private sectors of the economy and; contribute to the global war against financial crimes.
MR. IBRAHIM LAMORDE- Chairman Economic and Financial Crimes Commission, EFCC
The Operations Department is the hub of all investigation activities of the Commission. It has responsibility for the investigation of all cases that fall within the mandate of the Commission. Such cases include infractions that are contrary to the provisions of the Commission's enabling law; the EFCC Act 2004 as well as a posse of other laws which the Commission has direct responsibility for their enforcement. Some of the laws include the Money Laundering Act 2011, the Advance Fee Fraud and Other Related Offences Act 2006, The Failed Banks (Recovery of Debt) and Financial Malpractices in Banks Act and the Miscellaneous Offences Act
The Operations Department comprises of the following sections:
• Advance Fee Fraud
• Bank Fraud
• Economic Governance
• Counter- Terrorism and General Investigation
The Department is headed by the Director of Operations, who reports directly to the Executive Chairman. All the Heads of Operation in the Zonal Offices report to the Director of Operations.
Media and Public Affairs
The Directorate of Media and Public Affairs is the communication and public enlightenment arm of the commission. It has the responsibility for informing and educating the public about the activities of the Commission as well as initiating and executing measures to prevent the commission of economic and financial Crimes
The Directorate which is headed by a Deputy Director comprise the following sections:
• Media & Publicity Unit
The unit is the corporate communication arm of the Commission. It has responsibility for publicising the activities of the EFCC and ensuring a positive image for the Commission.
• Strategy & Reorientation Unit
This is the advocacy arm of the Commission. Its mandate is basically to ensure that the public buy into the anti graft campaign. It works with civil society organizations, youth organizations, faith based groups and more.
• Public Enlightenment Unit
The unit is charged with sensitising the public about the ills of economic and financial crimes with a view to minimizing the incidence of such crimes. It does this through the implementation of well articulated enlightenment programmes.
Formerly known as the EFCC Training and Research Institute, TRI, the EFCC Academy is the training arm of the Commission. It has responsibility for the implementation of various training programmes aimed at improving the capacity of officers and men of the Commission in line with the manpower objectives of the commission.
The Academy has a number of regular and adhoc training programmes. It also organizes programmes for other law enforcement agencies on need basis.
But its premier programme is the annual Officer Cadet Course.
The Academy is headed by a Commandant.